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How to make a Telephone Cable – USOC RJ11 RJ45


Hey, what’s going on, I’m Mercy of DiscountLowVoltage.com and I’m going to show you guys how to make a telephone cable. Now before we get started on crimping, the plugs, testing, cutting, that sort of thing, the most important thing about this cable is you need to know the USOC pinout. Oh, there it is. So this USOC pinout, depending on if you need a one-pair, a two-pair, a three-pair, or four-pair, this pinout is what you want to stick to when you’re making your cable. Now let’s get to it. Okay, so I have some snaps, a tester, a crimp tool, some mod plugs, a RJ11 six-conductor, and an RJ45 plug. We have blue Cat5e cable, and Cat3 cable in white, of course. If you’re using Cat5 for telephone, no problem, no sweat, as long as you’re still using that USOC pinout we talked about earlier.
Okay, so let’s go ahead and start. Let’s cut off a piece of this cable off. There we go. Now you’ll see this pull string here, let’s get rid of that, get out of the way. OK. Now as you can tell, you have an orange pair, you got your blue pair, brown pair, and green pair, depending on what you’re doing, just follow the color-code USOC guide and boom! Now the plug we’re going to do is a six-conductor RJ11 mod plug. So being that that’s a three-pair plug, we’re going to line up the color code to what we need it to be at. Alright, now that we got our pairs straightened out to the color code, we’re going to get rid of this pair. We don’t need this, so go ahead and snip that off here at the bottom. There we go. Now the next step is to, we want to keep these wires as straight as possible when we put it in the plug, but we probably only need, I don’t know, maybe a quarter inch of this, so let’s go ahead and trim this down. There we go.
Now I always like to push a little bit of pressure on my onto these conductors, because it helps to keep them straight. That way they don’t wobble around everywhere. Now let’s get out our mod plug. Now as you can tell, the plug itself, it has this little kind of slot here where the crimp tool is going to come down on it and secure onto the jacket, and the little mod plugs, the gold pins here, they got some teeth. Now they get crimped into the copper conductor inside the plug. Now let’s try to slide this plug on. Now as you’re putting it in, I press up. I press up into the mod plug. It helps keep the wires straight, and then I slide it in there. You kind of get a feel for it. Sometimes it won’t go straight in, so you have to kind of feel it out, move it around a little bit. Make sure it’s in there. And then you want to push the jacket in. There we go, you want to make the jacket get in there too.
Actually, it helps to have it in there as much as possible so this back slot gets crimped down onto it. Another thing you might want to do is you might want to take a look at the conductors in there. It’s hard to tell, but double check that to see if they line up correctly with the USOC pinout and if they do, then we want to go ahead and crimp it. If they don’t, you’re gonna have to pull this out, make sure they’re straight, put it back in there before you crimp it. Now another thing you might want to do, it’s hard to tell, but in the very front of this plug, you can kind of see the conductors pressed up to the mod plug. I always like to press in the cable also, because that helps the copper conductors get terminated and make proper contact with those gold pins once they’re in there. Now let’s crimp this.
Now the tool we got here, it’s a crimp tool, but it has the for the eight-position, the six-position, the four-position cable. We want to put it in the appropriate slot. Let’s pop it in there, and then I always- once again, I like to push in a little bit while it’s in there. Now let’s give the squeeze. Now let’s do the RJ45. Here’s our Cat5 cable, let’s go ahead and cut a piece of this off. Now we’re just gonna do the same thing with the- this cable as we did with the Cat3 four-pair, but that was a, you know, a different connector, the RJ11. This is the RJ45, let’s get to it. There we go. So we got ’em sorta straightened out, you want to definitely double-check these color code at the bottom here, towards your thumbnail. Make sure you got the pinout straightened out, almost trim some of this off. There we go. I want to take a look at it and make sure the pairs are where they need to be.
Looks like we got an orange pair out of place, so we’re gonna go ahead and just kind of move the cable around a little bit. There we go. Keep it straight. Okay. There we go. Now we’re gonna do the same thing with the RJ45 plug like we did with the RJ11. You want to kinda push up into the plug. Push it all the way in. Make sure the front of the plug here is making contact. I mean, it doesn’t have to make perfect contact, but it’s nice to see the pairs all the way in there to where the gold pins can crimp down on them, and don’t forget, you also want your jacket in there past this little prong piece. So crimp tool crimps right into that, boom! Make it a nice, tight, and a proper fit, so that way this jacket doesn’t come out later when you’re pulling the cable out. Now let’s crimp it. Okay. Got our crimp tool with the eight-position slot. Go and slide your plug in there. I push in a little bit into the plug so that way, your plug is, you know, it’s just a little thing that makes me feel a little better. I squeeze it. Boom. There we go. As you can tell, I don’t know if you can tell or not, but the crimp tool, like I said, this little piece right here, it goes in there, squeeze in this little prong onto the jacket, and inside the tool end here, you’re actually getting the gold pins terminated into the conductors. Let’s see if I can get a good shot here for you. Yeah, see? That’s what I’m talking about. Okay, so the last step here, if you’re going to make a lot of these, you might want to buy a continuity tester. This one checks the 10-base T, 56B pinout, the USOC pinout, or the 568B. Now let’s plug the Cat3 patch cable I made into it. Okay. So this was a six-conductor three-pair cable. I have green lights. Let’s check the other side. Alright, we wired it properly.
Alright, so hopefully you learned something today and I helped save you guys some dough for you do-it-yourselfers, and that’s basically it. You can do a Cat3 or a Cat5 cable for telephone cables, but remember, the USOC pinout, that is a universal thing that all the Cat3 cable is wired to. Questions, call us. Number here’s 888-797-3697.

Robin Kshlerin

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68 COMMENTS

  1. zalida100 Posted on October 10, 2011 at 9:31 am

    Great vid -Very well done – Thanks

    Reply
  2. CutlassKnives Posted on October 18, 2011 at 6:57 am

    That's really interesting, one of the most blatantly informational videos i've seen on youtube, very well done sir.

    Reply
  3. champagnecocktails Posted on December 26, 2011 at 11:18 pm

    Awesome!!

    Reply
  4. bisteck454 Posted on April 7, 2012 at 1:04 pm

    Very helpful! Thanks!

    Reply
  5. bengaluru500GB Posted on September 5, 2012 at 8:08 am

    I am trying to replace telephone handset with a PC headset (head phones and mic) by terminating the telephone handset into a pair of 3.5mm jacks. I am able to get the ringtone into the headphones; but, I am really struggling to get the mic to work. 🙁 Could you help ?

    Reply
  6. Koko Lulu Posted on December 14, 2012 at 3:35 pm

    I am trying to set a wall jack rj11 with only 4 holes. this is for connecting my phones. but i am using cat 6 cables with 4 pairs of cable. what should I do about the cable color combination. Help me!

    Reply
  7. cMARVEL360 Posted on December 28, 2012 at 11:26 pm

    Is it possible to use a Ethernet cable of any type most likely Cat5 cable as a DSL cable as long as i use the proper RJ11 plug for the outlet?

    Reply
  8. cMARVEL360 Posted on December 28, 2012 at 11:28 pm

    This is very similar to what i'm trying to find out. But in my case i'm trying to find out if the Ethernet cable itself can be used as a DSL line so i can get a longer cable so i'm able to put my modem in a better place. What have you figured out bra?

    Reply
  9. mahmood tillawi Posted on January 17, 2013 at 8:13 pm

    thank you

    Reply
  10. CharlieKiloOscar Posted on January 18, 2013 at 5:35 pm

    Hey Mercy, Any idea why some premade RJ11 four conductor phone cable is rolled and some is straight through? Needed a 30 ft POTS extension so I bought a 25ft and 7ft along with a 4 conductor RJ11 coupler. Noticed that the wiring on the 25ft cable was rolled while the 7ft was straight through. Individually both cords worked with the phone, and coupling them together also worked with a phone. So when making my own cable should it be rolled, straight-through, or it doesn't matter?

    Reply
  11. Jameson North Posted on February 1, 2013 at 1:32 am

    You can use Cat5e cable for phones as long as it has RJ11 plugs and jacks attached to the ends and is wired correctly. Cable is cable, for the most part. You can use Cat3, Cat5, Cat5e, Cat6, Cat6a, or even Cat7 for phone (and DSL) though it doesn't make sense to use anything higher than Cat5e for phone. You won't see any benefit.

    You cannot go the other way with computer network cable. Cat5/5e shouldn't be used in place of Cat6/6a, and Cat6/6a shouldn't be used in place of Cat7.

    Reply
  12. cMARVEL360 Posted on February 1, 2013 at 1:36 am

    Thanks! I just want a realible long cable to replace my current ISP provided DSL cable which is 7 years old now with a new Ethernet cable with RJ11 plugs for Modem input and Wall output

    Reply
  13. Jameson North Posted on February 7, 2013 at 4:54 am

    Just make sure to wire the cable the same way – straight through. I'd do Orange, Blue, Green, Green/White, Blue/White, Orange/White. If you have actual RJ11 plugs, just use Green, Green/White. If they are 4 connection, do Blue, Gree, Green/White, Blue/White. This will make it straight through for any type of phone.

    Good luck!

    Reply
  14. Jameson North Posted on February 7, 2013 at 4:57 am

    You'll have to make this cable yourself or just wire two RJ11 jacks and use normal phone cable. Running voice over Cat5e is not the intended use, so you won't find cables for it. It's a custom operation only. This may change in the future, as so many people use Cat5e for voice now.

    Reply
  15. EdT586 Posted on March 1, 2013 at 8:11 am

    What do you mean by "rolled" ? Do you mean the wire is twisted as you can see it on the jacket material ?

    Reply
  16. Nicolas Jopia Posted on March 22, 2013 at 12:59 am

    Nice tutorial

    Reply
  17. Ron Z. Posted on April 1, 2013 at 3:24 am

    Does the same process work with actual telephone lines? I'm pretty sure this is an Ethernet cable. I was looking for how to make a telephone line – the type with only four wires (green, red, yellow, black).

    Reply
  18. technosasquatchfilms Posted on June 28, 2013 at 10:29 pm

    umm, what code standard are you using for the rj 45?

    Reply
  19. technosasquatchfilms Posted on July 11, 2013 at 9:57 pm

    is usoc something new? it wasn't taught in my cabling class in 2009.

    Reply
  20. byla fer Posted on August 12, 2013 at 12:25 pm

    i don't have question for you

    Reply
  21. PappyDC1 Posted on September 28, 2013 at 2:50 am

    In your example Instead of trimming away the brown pair, shouldn't you use-
    1 white/brown
    2 white/green
    3 white/ orange
    4 blue/white
    5 white/blue
    6 orange/white
    and trim away the green/white and brown/white?
    Am I overthinking this? If the cables were for my own use the colors wouldnt matter as long as I had continuity in the cable-right? I thought with usoc standard #1 pin is always white/brown, #2 is white/green, and so on. NewB

    Reply
  22. LiQuiD FuSioN Posted on November 7, 2013 at 5:16 pm

    Thank you for this! I'm in IT so I like to learn different aspects of networking. Would be cool if I could get a hold of a tester someday! Hehe.

    Reply
  23. tado tad Posted on February 13, 2014 at 2:21 pm

    good day sir mercy.. I have a problem about my extension telephone  jack1 up to jack 16… if I have caller outside all telephone will ring the 16 telephone extension.. pls.. help me for this..i looking forward.. god bless

    Reply
  24. Adam Pinkusiewicz Posted on March 23, 2014 at 11:09 pm

    Cool Channel , bro. 
    Good to see someone with a passion for their specialized trade. 
    And thanks for the cool videos 🙂 
    Subscribed 🙂 

    Reply
  25. Vishish Agrawal Posted on April 2, 2014 at 10:00 am

    Dear Mercy,
    I was looking for a solution i want to connet a microphone and speaker to my basic telephone box which do not have any audio or microphone out pin..

    how can i do that .. do you have any idea.. about the same.

    Reply
  26. Jay son Posted on April 25, 2014 at 3:05 pm

    I Couldn't see the colour clearly, could you spell out  the wires' color for RJ11 from top to bottom and RJ45 from top to bottom as well

    Reply
  27. DIY Telecom Posted on July 30, 2014 at 12:26 am

    Sooo well done!  Excellent camera footage. 🙂

    Reply
  28. SB Posted on September 29, 2014 at 3:28 pm

    Hello. I am trying to fix a RJ-11 for my telephone line. It previously had a 4c but I bought a 6P6C. Can that still be used? Is there an order that the wires have to be in? I cant get it to work.

    Reply
  29. Tim Lovell Posted on October 5, 2014 at 6:19 am

    Awesome, Thank you so much for this video .
    Very proffessional.
    Cheers Mercy. Best Video for its purpose on Youtube.

    Reply
  30. blindbox99 Posted on October 17, 2014 at 2:14 pm

    Well done. Now, if I can figure out how to run phone/dsl lines through my house from the jct box outside I will be in good shape. 🙂

    Reply
  31. Sher_Singh Posted on December 25, 2014 at 8:18 pm

    Do you need just 3 wires connection or there is fourth connection as well ? In the film you didnt have the fourth wire light turned on ?

    Reply
  32. Ella Griggs Posted on April 10, 2015 at 7:37 pm

    Thanks Mercy! I pulled the wiring out of my telephone plug by accident and was able to fix for $20, buying a plug crimper and some RJ11 plugs.  It was so easy to figure out what wires to put where with your grid.  You ROCK!!  P.S. I was so proud, I called my husband and he tried to tell me I must have crossed the wires because everything I said was backwards. I fell for it…lol

    Reply
  33. SadNTasteless Vegan Posted on May 20, 2015 at 1:57 pm

    say Mercy; say I built this type of cable and used it to connect and rj-45 jack to my routers rj-11 port…. would the router acquire the connection and provide me with internet, or would the router be unable to make use of it?

    Reply
  34. Sameer Baral Posted on July 1, 2015 at 6:10 am

    Thanks Mercy, 

    I am an amateur DIY networker. Meaning I am learning and doing. I have a scenario I need your help. 

    I have a Cat5e running from my attic to my study. 3 pairs has been used up by home security for the alarm in attic as well as study and they left me with one pair Green and White Green Which terminates in my study. I don't want to mess with security company's wiring so I am seeking help with wiring for data using 1 pair here. So the next thing I did is run another cat5e where that 1 pair cat5e terminated (hoping one day i might get all 4 pairs back), to my closet downstairs where my network junction box is connected to the switch that distributes data and internet to entire home.

    I have heard and read somewhere that it is possible to have a Cat5e (from junction box) to RJ11 (attic to study) to Cat5e (ethernet port in study) again but I do not know the wiring scheme. If you could help me if this is possible i would greatly appreciate it. I have LAN everywhere in my house but here because of this issue. Please let me know if this will even work.

    Reply
  35. Rocket Rider Posted on July 28, 2015 at 8:14 pm

    How come the blue, orange, green, and brown conductors aren't solid colors?

    Reply
  36. Kayden Jordan Posted on July 31, 2015 at 2:34 am

    I made 4444
    already

    Reply
  37. Nikolas Morton Posted on November 23, 2015 at 11:47 pm

    Consider Changing your export resolution from 1080i to 1080p. It will get rid of the
    de-interlacing problem.

    Reply
  38. somebody301 Posted on December 4, 2015 at 12:39 pm

    Today I'm making my first one!

    Reply
  39. clotaire NTIENOU Posted on December 27, 2015 at 12:37 pm

    How can i manamge to connect two router from two different providers.
    I would like to know if it is possible to transform a cable from R45 port in router A to a RJ11/ADSL for router B. so that the internet signal from Router A goes into router B by simulating an ADSL internet? regards.

    Reply
  40. Debiprosad Karfa Posted on February 16, 2016 at 2:04 pm

    Can I use a adsl2 router as dsl mode?

    Reply
  41. Sachmo Martinez Posted on April 17, 2016 at 5:20 pm

    Went through about 25 Rj11 on my MagicJack before I decided to sit back , take a breath and figure out what the hell I was doing wrong….lol Watched this video, cut my wires down to just 2 and POW! Now my phone works….lol Only took me 3 hours to break down and get help….lol Thanks dude!!

    Reply
  42. Paul R Posted on October 8, 2016 at 10:31 pm

    This is the hardest thing to do!

    Reply
  43. Bob Cain Posted on December 18, 2016 at 4:07 am

    This helped me out!

    Reply
  44. BoboChacha Ho Posted on January 16, 2017 at 9:44 am

    how to insert in connector for analog phone which has only 1 red 1 white wire both have a metal U-shape ending.

    Reply
  45. DEBASHIS DEBNATH Posted on August 11, 2017 at 7:12 am

    Very helpful video…

    Reply
  46. Indian You Tuber Posted on October 25, 2017 at 2:06 pm

    can i connect RJ11 to RJ45 direct to router ? (without Modem)

    Reply
  47. KURLY KURLY Posted on November 26, 2017 at 10:58 pm

    🖒🖒🖒…

    Reply
  48. How Dare you Posted on February 22, 2018 at 12:55 pm

    keep up the good work m8 love u xxx #nohomo

    Reply
  49. Baz Posted on April 16, 2018 at 10:27 pm

    Thanks For Producing this tutorial.

    Reply
  50. Arthur Serino Posted on October 5, 2018 at 8:58 pm

    If you want to be taken seriously, you might not want to have mistakes right in your title. Phone is RJ 12.

    Reply
  51. Aisha vlog Aisha vlog Posted on October 28, 2018 at 6:57 pm

    Why arrange rj 45 cable

    Reply
  52. Brahimi Brahim Posted on November 1, 2018 at 5:40 pm

    لو غيرت الrg11الكامل لكان افضل bro

    Reply
  53. Tim Joseph Posted on December 10, 2018 at 12:58 am

    I have telephone cable, not cat 5

    Reply
  54. RADIO Planeta 80*s Posted on January 2, 2019 at 5:00 am

    Making a USOC cable is better than the standard 578-B because its connection is more direct and crossed with the correct cables in tests the network speed is improved and the interferences do not cause much problem of connection of data in the network

    Reply
  55. 1Klooch Posted on January 10, 2019 at 10:34 pm

    Would have been helpful if the wire colors from top to bottom were listed.

    Reply
  56. Subhasis Das Posted on January 21, 2019 at 8:22 am

    I got new Tony Stark love from India

    Reply
  57. Dominik Dobrowolski Posted on January 29, 2019 at 7:16 pm

    Ain't the prettiest instalation I've seen but it does the job.

    Reply
  58. Станица Гостагаевская Недвижимость Posted on April 4, 2019 at 4:07 am

    What?

    Reply
  59. Brandon Garcia Posted on April 11, 2019 at 2:55 pm

    Great video.
    Can i make a telephone cable with a ethernet cable?

    Reply
  60. my cats Posted on May 14, 2019 at 4:56 am

    Thank you very much for this.
    A thunderstorm managed to fry my 20yr old phone wire (fortunately it went through a surge protector so it didn't fry my phone (this time). I plan to replace it with Southwire 24/4 indoor/outdoor (which will run under the floor of a house on stilts). I'm trying to figure out which type of RJ11 connector to use for that application to get the best results. I see there's RJ11 6P6C, 6P4C & 6P2C. I'm guessing it wouldn't be the 2C. I will run the line directly from the box to a surge protector and then to two phones (1 is a basic corded phone that will work if power is out & other is a panasonic multi-handset/intercom phone).
    I'm also wondering if there are any additional in-line surge protectors you would recommend for both ends of the line to protect the connectors from frying (power surges & outages are frequent in my area).
    What was the tool you used for checking to see if the connectors were wired correctly?

    Reply
  61. kohalabroker Posted on June 25, 2019 at 11:43 pm

    Wait. What about colors? Are they supposed to line up like you have them or does it just not matter? I guess thus is for experienced ppl only?

    Reply
  62. dan taylor Posted on June 30, 2019 at 9:46 am

    RJ11? Looks more like a DSL connector to me

    Reply
  63. K.B. Woodworker Posted on July 20, 2019 at 5:50 pm

    Thanks for the video! Nice detail and technique!

    Reply
  64. Maribelle Howard Posted on September 23, 2019 at 4:42 pm

    Hi ! Thank you for sharing your video. I'm not sure what's the wire color sequence is on your video (not clear on my end sorry!) for wiring a telephone using cat5e cable. The old connector broke off and it only had 4 terminals . Can you please tell me if it matters if I'll use a connector with 8 terminals. Thank you.

    Reply
  65. Vijay Kumar Posted on December 10, 2019 at 4:01 pm

    Your video is to Manny good but I can't speak English them you will be try to next time want a video in Hindi language

    Reply
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